Long Tandem Arrays of Cassandra Retroelements and Their Role in Genome Dynamics in Plants.

Retrotransposable element widely distributed and diverse in eukaryotes. the number of copies they rise through the reverse-transcription-mediated propagation, while they can be lost through the process of recombination, resulting in rearrangements of the genome. We previously identified groups of structurally uniform comprehensive retrotransposon where no member containing the gag, pol, or internal domain ENV.

Due to lack of protein-coding capacity, these groups are non-autonomous replication, even if the transcriptionally active. The Cassandra elements included in the non-autonomous group called terminal-repeat retrotransposons in miniature (TRIM). This brings 5S RNA sequence with conserved RNA polymerase (pol) III promoter and terminator in the long terminal repeat (ltrs). Here, we identified several extended tandem array of retrotransposon Cassandra in different plant species, including ferns.

At least 12 copies ltrs repeated (as a tandem unit) and an internal domain which (as a spacer), gives a pattern that resembles a cell 5S rRNA genes, were identified. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a specific chromosomal pattern of retrotransposon Cassandra with leading grouping in and around 5S rDNA locus.

Secondary structures of RNA retroelement Cassandra is expected to form a super-loop, in which two ltrs complement each other and can start a local recombination, which leads to a tandem array element Cassandra. The structure preserved for Cassandra retroelements array of different species. We speculate that recombination events is similar to 5S rRNA genes may explain the wide variation in the number of copies of Cassandra. Likewise, organizations 5S rRNA gene sequence is highly variable in flowering plants; part of what is taken for 5S variations in gene copy may be variations in the amount of Cassandra. The role of the remains of Cassandra 5S order to be established.

Dichloroacetic acid - 1ML

S-1285 1ML
EUR 51.3

Dichloroacetic Acid-d2

D431826 100mg
EUR 81
Description: 63403-57-6

Dichloroacetic Acid-d1

D431829 100mg
EUR 121
Description: 82093-18-3

Dichloroacetic acid sodium salt

GE0235-10 10
EUR 38.8

Dichloroacetic acid sodium salt

GE0235-100 100
EUR 237.2

Dichloroacetic acid sodium salt

GE0235-100G 100 g
EUR 322.8

Dichloroacetic acid sodium salt

GE0235-50 50
EUR 135.6

Dichloroacetic Acid Methyl Ester

D432005 10g
EUR 98
Description: 116-54-1

2,2-Dichloroacetic Acid-2-13C

D431827 25mg
EUR 1800
Description: 286367-78-0

2,2-Dichloroacetic Acid-1-13C

D431828 10mg
EUR 374
Description: 173470-70-7

Dichloroacetic Acid Methyl Ester-d1

D432007 100mg
EUR 2053
Description: 23132-28-7

Dichloroacetic anhydride

D189760 1g
EUR 87
Description: 4124-30-5

Dichloroacetic anhydride 96%

D13210 10G
EUR 533.52

Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phen

T29582-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)methyl)amino)ethyl ester

Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phen

T29582-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)methyl)amino)ethyl ester

Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phen

T29582-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)methyl)amino)ethyl ester

Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phen

T29582-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)methyl)amino)ethyl ester

Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phen

T29582-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Acetic acid, bromo-, 2-((dichloroacetyl)((4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)methyl)amino)ethyl ester

1,3-Dichloroacetone

D431770 100g
EUR 71
Description: 534-07-6

Ethyl Dichloroacetate

20-abx186441
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  • 5 g

2,2-Dichloroacetamide

D435938 1g
EUR 98
Description: 683-72-7

Butyl dichloroacetate

T30633-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Butyl dichloroacetate

Butyl dichloroacetate

T30633-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Butyl dichloroacetate

Butyl dichloroacetate

T30633-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Butyl dichloroacetate

Butyl dichloroacetate

T30633-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Butyl dichloroacetate

Butyl dichloroacetate

T30633-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Butyl dichloroacetate

Sodium Dichloroacetate

206735 5.0g
EUR 150

2',6'-Dichloroacetanilide

D431615 1g
EUR 97
Description: 17700-54-8

Methyl dichloroacetate

M15770 500G
EUR 122.5

Sodium Dichloroacetate

S080835 10g
EUR 108
Description: 2156-56-1

Sodium dichloroacetate

T3604-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Sodium dichloroacetate

Sodium dichloroacetate

T3604-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Sodium dichloroacetate

Sodium dichloroacetate

T3604-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Sodium dichloroacetate

Sodium dichloroacetate

T3604-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Sodium dichloroacetate

Sodium dichloroacetate

T3604-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Sodium dichloroacetate

3',4'-Dichloroacetophenone

20-abx183303
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  • 150 g
  • 1 kg
  • 500 g

Dichloroacetonitrile 95%

D13240 5G
EUR 159.81

2',3'-Dichloroacetophenone

D13255 1G
EUR 115.71

3',4'-Dichloroacetophenone

D13280 5G
EUR 125.77

Dichloroacetyl chloride 97%

D13300 100G
EUR 179.8

2,3'-Dichloroacetophenone

D431595 1g
EUR 518
Description: 21886-56-6

2',4'-Dichloroacetophenone

D431600 100g
EUR 144
Description: 2234-16-4

2’,5’-Dichloroacetophenone

D431605 100g
EUR 103
Description: 2476-37-1

Dichloroacetonitrile

D431740 100g
EUR 98
Description: 3018-12-0

Dichloroacetyl Chloride

D431760 50g
EUR 121
Description: 79-36-7

3’,4’-Dichloroacetophenone

RM5791-25G 1 unit
EUR 70.72
Description: 3’,4’-Dichloroacetophenone

Dichloroacetyl chloride

RM8190-100G 1 unit
EUR 76.76
Description: Dichloroacetyl chloride

2 4-Dichloroacetophenone

D13260 25G
EUR 119.7

2,2-Dichloroacetophenone

D431645 2.5g
EUR 91

Dichloroacetonitrile - 1ML

S-1287 1ML
EUR 178.2

1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

T39182-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

T39182-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

T39182-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

T39182-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

T39182-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 1-Bromo-1,1-dichloroacetone

(1R,3R)-1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(dichloroacetyl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-b-carboline-3-carboxylic Acid

B198205 100mg
EUR 1800

2-Bromo-2,2-dichloroacetamide

B742650 25mg
EUR 150
Description: 98137-00-9

Sodium Dichloroacetate-13C2

S624102 10mg
EUR 1800
Description: 1173022-90-6

1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

T40724-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

T40724-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

T40724-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

T40724-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

T40724-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 1,1-Dibromo-3,3-dichloroacetone

1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

T40725-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

T40725-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

T40725-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

T40725-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

T40725-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 1,3-Dibromo-1,3-dichloroacetone

Sodium 2,2-dichloroacetate-2-13C

D431839 10mg
EUR 795

N-Benzyl-2,2-dichloroacetamide

B126678 10mg
EUR 58
Description: 6063-50-9

Dichloroacetaldehyde Hydrate

D431765 10g
EUR 167
Description: 16086-14-9

1,3-Dichloroacetone Ethylene Ketal

D431780 500mg
EUR 1453

2'-Benzoyl-2,4'-dichloroacetanilide

B208105 2.5g
EUR 1420
Description: 4016-85-7

2-Bromo-2',5'-dichloroacetophenone

B683345 10g
EUR 800
Description: 4571-25-9

2-Bromo-3',4'-dichloroacetophenone

B683355 10g
EUR 121
Description: 2632-10-2

2-Bromo-2',4'-dichloroacetophenone

B683405 10g
EUR 121
Description: 2631-72-3

N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichlo

T50114-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide hydrochloride

N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichlo

T50114-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide hydrochloride

N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichlo

T50114-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide hydrochloride

N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichlo

T50114-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide hydrochloride

N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichlo

T50114-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: N-(2-{bis[2-(2,2-dichloroacetamido)ethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide hydrochloride

3,4-Dichloroacetanilide_x000D__x000D_

D13170 1G
EUR 504.59

2 5-Dichloroacetonacetanilide

D13220 25G
EUR 163.88

Diisopropylamine dichloroacetate

413449 1.0g
EUR 195

Dichloroacetaldehyde diethyl acetal

D13080 25G
EUR 158.28

Dichloroacetaldehyde Diethyl Acetal

D431725 10g
EUR 81
Description: 619-33-0

Diisopropylamine 2,2-Dichloroacetate

D072715 10g
EUR 69
Description: 660-27-5

Dichloroacetaldehyde Dimethyl Acetal

D434440 1g
EUR 1200
Description: 80944-06-5

N-(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide

D434405 100mg
EUR 707
Description: 39084-88-3

(17beta)-17-[(2,2-Dichloroacetyl)oxy]androst-4-en-3-one

D655210 100mg
EUR 800
Description: 7768-48-1

3-(Dichloroacetyl)-2,2,5-trimethyloxazolidine

D666955 100mg
EUR 666
Description: 52836-31-4

N-(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)-2,2-dichloroacetamide-d9

D434407 10mg
EUR 1200

1-(Dichloroacetyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6-quinolinol

D431785 100mg
EUR 391
Description: 62265-67-2

(2S)-1-(2,2-Dichloroacetyl)-2-pyrrolidinecarbonitrile

D357985 500mg
EUR 1200
Description: 1803168-09-3

D-threo-1-(4-Sulfonylphenyl)-2-dichloroacetylamino-1,3-propanediol Sodium Salt

S699095 1g
EUR 1800
Description: 1316849-76-9

D-threo-1-(4-Aminophenyl)-2-dichloroacetylamino-1,3-propanediol Hydrochloride

A622670 100mg
EUR 155
Description: 57704-36-6

3,5-Dichloroacenaphthene

D431570 10mg
EUR 690
Description: 27608-78-2

3,6-Dichloroacenaphthene

D431575 0.5mg
EUR 1294
Description: 19202-59-6

3,8-Dichloroacenaphthene

D431580 100mg
EUR 15000

1,5-Dichloroacenaphthene

D431885 100mg
EUR 178
Description: 669047-83-0

5,6-Dichloroacenaphthene

D431920 500mg
EUR 178
Description: 4208-97-3

4,5-Dichloro-acenaphthene

D434525 10mg
EUR 178
Description: 91331-51-0

3 5-Dichloro-4-aminobenzoic acid 95%

D13360 5G
EUR 146.96

6,9-Dichloroacridine

D431795 500mg
EUR 1200
Description: 35547-70-7

2,3-Dichloro-Alpha-(2,3-dichloro-4-methoxyphenyl)-4-methoxy-benzeneacetic Acid Ethyl Ester

D434095 500mg
EUR 1499

4-(2,6-Dichloroanilino)-3-thiophenecarboxylic Acid Methyl Ester

D431820 100mg
EUR 1344

Dichloroisocyanuric acid

D14390 5G
EUR 200.87

DICHLOROISOCYANURIC ACID

D253 100G
EUR 56.61

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid

20-abx182991
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  • 1 kg
  • 500 g

2,6-Dichlorobenzoic acid

20-abx183031
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  • 100 g
  • 1 kg
  • 500 g

2,6-Dichlorobenzoic Acid

D13780 10G
EUR 111.86

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic Acid

D431950 100g
EUR 68
Description: 50-45-3

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic Acid

D431955 10g
EUR 316
Description: 50-84-0

2,6-Dichlorobenzoic Acid

D431960 10g
EUR 127
Description: 50-30-6

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic acid

RM10740-25G 1 unit
EUR 118.15
Description: 2,3-Dichlorobenzoic acid

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid

GRM4644-250G 1 unit
EUR 17.02
Description: 2,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid

Dichloroisoeverninic Acid

D437986 100mg
EUR 7600
Description: 4101-80-8

2,4-Dichlorobutanoic acid

D362110 1g
EUR 800
Description: 18017-35-1

2,6-Dichlorohexanoic Acid

D433425 250mg
EUR 184

3,6-Dichlorogentisic Acid

D226810 250mg
EUR 3000
Description: 18688-01-2

9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

T40663-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

T40663-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

T40663-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

T40663-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

T40663-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic Acid-13C

D431952 100mg
EUR 1344

4,6-Dichloronicotinic acid

20-abx183496
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  • 25 g
  • 5 g

5,6-Dichloropicolinic acid

20-abx183658
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  • 10 g
  • 1 g
  • 5 g

2,3-Dichloropropionic acid

D16920 5G
EUR 218.34

2,3-Dichloropropanoic Acid

D434630 100mg
EUR 111
Description: 565-64-0

4,6-Dichloronicotinic acid

D435638 100mg
EUR 87
Description: 73027-79-9

5,6-Dichloronicotinic acid

D435653 500mg
EUR 52
Description: 41667-95-2

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

B6247-10 10 mg
EUR 120
Description: NMDA receptor antagonist

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

B6247-50 50 mg
EUR 459
Description: NMDA receptor antagonist

2,6-Dichloronicotinic acid

RM8207-1G 1 unit
EUR 83.2
Description: 2,6-Dichloronicotinic acid

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

T22517-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

T22517-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

T22517-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

T22517-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

T22517-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid

4,4-Dichloro-3-(dichloromethyl)crotonic Acid Methyl Ester

D434090 100mg
EUR 121
Description: 97055-33-9

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic Acid 98%

D13760 1G
EUR 161.67

2 4-Dichlorobenzoic Acid

D13770 250G
EUR 209.75

2,5-Dichlorobenzoic acid 99%

D13773 5G
EUR 132.05

3,4-Dichlorobenzoic acid 98%

D13790 25G
EUR 167.35

3,5-Dichlorobenzoic acid 97%

D13800 5G
EUR 218.34

23-Dichloropropionic Acid

S-4305-MTBE 1ML
EUR 67.74

2,6-Dichlorocinnamic Acid 99%

D14365 5G
EUR 278.09

3,4-Dichlorocinnamic acid 97%

D14368 5G
EUR 189.49

6,8-Dichloro-octanoic Acid

D435585 100g
EUR 385
Description: 41443-60-1

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic Acid-13C,d3

D431951 100mg
EUR 1131

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

GW4063-1 1
EUR 947.7

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

GW4063-250 250
EUR 353.2

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

HY-D0828 100mg
EUR 639.6

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

T18885-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: 3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

T18885-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: 3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

T18885-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: 3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

T18885-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: 3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

T18885-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: 3,6-Dichlorotrimellitic acid

2,2-Dichloropropanoic Acid-13C3

D436812 2.5mg
EUR 1800

3,5-Dichloro-4-iodobenzoic Acid

D438985 1g
EUR 1200
Description: 117757-68-3

2,2-Dichloropropionic acid 93%

D16910 5G
EUR 180.83

2,3-Dichlorobenzoic-d3 Acid

D431956 10mg
EUR 64
Description: 1126107-18-3

2,4-Dichlorobenzoic-d3 Acid

D431957 10mg
EUR 64
Description: 1398065-99-0

2,6-Dichlorobenzoic-d3 Acid

D431961 10mg
EUR 64
Description: 1219805-50-1

3,4-Dichlorobenzoic-d3 Acid

D436559 2.5mg
EUR 81
Description: 350818-53-0

3,5-Dichlorobenzoic-d3 Acid

D436564 2.5mg
EUR 87
Description: 1219803-99-2

2,6-Dichloroterephthalic Acid

D436230 500mg
EUR 184

2,6-Dichlorophenylacetic Acid

D436305 100g
EUR 80
Description: 6575-24-2

2,6-DICHLOROISONICOTINIC ACID

D2181 1G
EUR 75.83

2,4-Dichlorophenylacetic acid

RM6917-100G 1 unit
EUR 105.74
Description: 2,4-Dichlorophenylacetic acid

2,4-Dichlorophenylacetic acid

RM6917-25G 1 unit
EUR 30.21
Description: 2,4-Dichlorophenylacetic acid

2,2-Dichloropropanoic Acid-13CD3

D436814 5mg
EUR 1582

5,5-dichloro-Barbituric acid

C423800 750mg
EUR 800
Description: 699-40-1

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid

11831-22 25G
EUR 16.94

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid

30631001-1 100 g
EUR 91.84

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid

30631001-2 250 g
EUR 193.53