Long Tandem Arrays of Cassandra Retroelements and Their Role in Genome Dynamics in Plants.

Retrotransposable element widely distributed and diverse in eukaryotes. the number of copies they rise through the reverse-transcription-mediated propagation, while they can be lost through the process of recombination, resulting in rearrangements of the genome. We previously identified groups of structurally uniform comprehensive retrotransposon where no member containing the gag, pol, or internal domain ENV.

Due to lack of protein-coding capacity, these groups are non-autonomous replication, even if the transcriptionally active. The Cassandra elements included in the non-autonomous group called terminal-repeat retrotransposons in miniature (TRIM). This brings 5S RNA sequence with conserved RNA polymerase (pol) III promoter and terminator in the long terminal repeat (ltrs). Here, we identified several extended tandem array of retrotransposon Cassandra in different plant species, including ferns.

At least 12 copies ltrs repeated (as a tandem unit) and an internal domain which (as a spacer), gives a pattern that resembles a cell 5S rRNA genes, were identified. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a specific chromosomal pattern of retrotransposon Cassandra with leading grouping in and around 5S rDNA locus.

Secondary structures of RNA retroelement Cassandra is expected to form a super-loop, in which two ltrs complement each other and can start a local recombination, which leads to a tandem array element Cassandra. The structure preserved for Cassandra retroelements array of different species. We speculate that recombination events is similar to 5S rRNA genes may explain the wide variation in the number of copies of Cassandra. Likewise, organizations 5S rRNA gene sequence is highly variable in flowering plants; part of what is taken for 5S variations in gene copy may be variations in the amount of Cassandra. The role of the remains of Cassandra 5S order to be established.

Octanoic acid (Caorylic acid)

O5678 250ml
EUR 67.4
  • Product category: Biochemicals/Misc. Biochemicals

Okadaic acid, free acid

OL1198 50ug
EUR 192.68
  • Product category: Biochemicals/Enzyme Inhibitors/Phosphatase Inhibitors

D-Glucuronic acid, free acid

GB0482 5g
EUR 155.16
  • Product category: Biochemicals/Carbohydrates/Sugars

DL-Maleic acid (Toxilic acid)

MA0333 250g
EUR 64.5
  • Product category: Biochemicals/Biological Buffers/Buffer Related

Carnosic Acid

2075-25
EUR 436

Carnosic Acid

2075-5
EUR 147

Lithocholic acid

2187-1G
EUR 115

Lithocholic acid

2187-5G
EUR 272

Heptelidic Acid

2215-1000
EUR 490

Heptelidic Acid

2215-250
EUR 218

Retinoic acid

2218-250
EUR 338

Retinoic acid

2218-50
EUR 126

Kainic acid

2279-25
EUR 381

Kainic acid

2279-5
EUR 142

Caffeic acid

2303-250
EUR 196

Caffeic acid

2303-50
EUR 98

(+)-Abscisic acid

2543-1
EUR 120

(+)-Abscisic acid

2543-5
EUR 316

Itaconic acid

2576-1G
EUR 120

Itaconic acid

2576-5G
EUR 240

Gambogic acid

2785-25
EUR 544

Gambogic acid

2785-5
EUR 175

Chenodeoxycholic acid

2831-1G
EUR 120

Chenodeoxycholic acid

2831-25G
EUR 479

Chenodeoxycholic acid

2831-5G
EUR 185

Anacardic Acid

A160-10MG 10mg
EUR 120

Anacardic Acid

A160-250MG 250mg
EUR 249

Asterric Acid

A132-1MG 1 mg
EUR 261

Asterric Acid

A132-5MG 5 mg
EUR 839

Zoledronic Acid

A1352-100 100 mg
EUR 224
Description: Zoledronic acid, one of the most potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, induces anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects on multiple myeloma cell lines in vitro by activating protein kinase C. Zoledronic acid also inhibits proliferation of human foet

Zoledronic Acid

A1352-25 25 mg
EUR 108
Description: Zoledronic acid, one of the most potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, induces anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects on multiple myeloma cell lines in vitro by activating protein kinase C. Zoledronic acid also inhibits proliferation of human foet

Zoledronic Acid

A1352-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Zoledronic acid, one of the most potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, induces anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects on multiple myeloma cell lines in vitro by activating protein kinase C. Zoledronic acid also inhibits proliferation of human foet

Arachidonic Acid

1505-100
EUR 169

Aurintricarboxylic acid

1506-1000
EUR 137

Okadaic acid

1543-025
EUR 157

Okadaic acid

1543-100
EUR 316

Betulinic acid

1552-100
EUR 375

Betulinic acid

1552-25
EUR 142

Oleanolic Acid

1731-100
EUR 115

Oleanolic Acid

1731-500
EUR 332

Rosmarinic Acid

1843-250
EUR 229

Rosmarinic Acid

1843-50
EUR 115

Anacardic Acid

1849-25
EUR 370

Anacardic Acid

1849-5
EUR 147

Mycophenolic Acid

1882-250
EUR 294

Mycophenolic Acid

1882-50
EUR 115

ICG acid

189 5 mg
EUR 219
  • R-phrase: R20, R21, R22
  • H-Phrase: H303, H313, H333
  • Symbol for dangerous compounds: Xn
  • UNSPEC Code: 12171501

Pressinoic Acid

5-01806 4 x 5mg Ask for price

MB acid

40076 5MG
EUR 320
Description: Minimum order quantity: 1 unit of 5MG

Niflumic acid

B1530-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Niflumic acid, a Ca2+-activated Cl- channel blocker, is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.Niflumic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride currents. Niflumic acid does not block directly calciu

Niflumic acid

B1530-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Niflumic acid, a Ca2+-activated Cl- channel blocker, is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.Niflumic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride currents. Niflumic acid does not block directly calciu

Niflumic acid

B1530-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Niflumic acid, a Ca2+-activated Cl- channel blocker, is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.Niflumic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride currents. Niflumic acid does not block directly calciu

Benzoic Acid

B1676-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Benzoic acid is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid, used as a food preservative.

Benzoic Acid

B1676-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Benzoic acid is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid, used as a food preservative.

Clofibric Acid

B1711-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Clofibric acid is a PPAR? agonist and hypolipidemic agent.

Clofibric Acid

B1711-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Clofibric acid is a PPAR? agonist and hypolipidemic agent.

Flufenamic acid

B1760-100000 100 g
EUR 187
Description: Flufenamic acid

Flufenamic acid

B1760-250000 250 g
EUR 325
Description: Flufenamic acid

Flufenamic acid

B1760-50000 50 g
EUR 125
Description: Flufenamic acid

Tranexamic Acid

B1858-10000 10 g
EUR 142
Description: Tranexamic acid (Transamin) is an antifibrinolytic for blocking lysine-binding sites of plasmin and elastase-derived plasminogen fragments with IC50 of 5 mM.

Tranexamic Acid

B1858-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Tranexamic acid (Transamin) is an antifibrinolytic for blocking lysine-binding sites of plasmin and elastase-derived plasminogen fragments with IC50 of 5 mM.

Tranexamic Acid

B1858-50 50 mg
EUR 96
Description: Tranexamic acid (Transamin) is an antifibrinolytic for blocking lysine-binding sites of plasmin and elastase-derived plasminogen fragments with IC50 of 5 mM.

Tranexamic Acid

B1858-5000 5 g
EUR 108
Description: Tranexamic acid (Transamin) is an antifibrinolytic for blocking lysine-binding sites of plasmin and elastase-derived plasminogen fragments with IC50 of 5 mM.

Tropodithietic Acid

B1867-1
EUR 251

Oseltamivir Acid

B1886-1
EUR 131

Oseltamivir Acid

B1886-5
EUR 349

Obeticholic Acid

B1898-25
EUR 381

Obeticholic Acid

B1898-5
EUR 142

Chenodeoxycholic Acid

B1908-100 100 mg
EUR 96
Description: Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA), is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors(FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.

Chenodeoxycholic Acid

B1908-1000 1 g
EUR 108
Description: Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA), is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors(FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.

Chenodeoxycholic Acid

B1908-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA), is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors(FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.

Chenodeoxycholic Acid

B1908-5000 5 g
EUR 224
Description: Chenodeoxycholic Acid (CDCA), is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors(FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.

Bempedoic acid

B1913-25
EUR 544

Bempedoic acid

B1913-5
EUR 175

Cyclamic acid

B1921-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Cyclamic acid in the form of its sodium or calcium salt is one of the most widely used artificial sweeteners.

Cyclamic acid

B1921-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Cyclamic acid in the form of its sodium or calcium salt is one of the most widely used artificial sweeteners.

Cyclamic acid

B1921-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Cyclamic acid in the form of its sodium or calcium salt is one of the most widely used artificial sweeteners.

Mycophenolic acid

B1981-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Mycophenolic acid

Mycophenolic acid

B1981-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Mycophenolic acid

Mycophenolic acid

B1981-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Mycophenolic acid

Nalidixic acid

B1985-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Nalidixic acid

Nalidixic acid

B1985-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Nalidixic acid

Nalidixic acid

B1985-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Nalidixic acid

Nicotinic Acid

B1987-100000 100 g
EUR 108
Description: Niacin (Vitamin B3) is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B group.

Nicotinic Acid

B1987-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Niacin (Vitamin B3) is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B group.

Nicotinic Acid

B1987-50 50 mg
EUR 96
Description: Niacin (Vitamin B3) is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B group.

Nicotinic Acid

B1987-500000 500 g
EUR 224
Description: Niacin (Vitamin B3) is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B group.

Aspterric acid

B2233-1
EUR 370

Aspterric acid

B2233-5
EUR 1240

Gibberellic acid

B2234-1G
EUR 120

Gibberellic acid

B2234-5G
EUR 327

Fusidic acid

B2392-100
EUR 120

Fusidic acid

B2392-500
EUR 240

Carglumic acid

B2447-10
EUR 109

Carglumic acid

B2447-50
EUR 229

Eicosapentaenoic Acid

B3464-100 100 mg
EUR 116

Obeticholic Acid

B4888-100 100 mg
EUR 595
Description: Obeticholic Acid (6alpha-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid, 6-ECDCA, INT-747) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR with EC50 value of 99 nM [1].

Obeticholic Acid

B4888-25 25 mg
EUR 282
Description: Obeticholic Acid (6alpha-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid, 6-ECDCA, INT-747) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR with EC50 value of 99 nM [1].

Obeticholic Acid

B4888-5 5 mg
EUR 108
Description: Obeticholic Acid (6alpha-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid, 6-ECDCA, INT-747) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR with EC50 value of 99 nM [1].

Obeticholic Acid

B4888-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 113
Description: Obeticholic Acid (6alpha-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid, 6-ECDCA, INT-747) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR with EC50 value of 99 nM [1].

Salicylic acid

B1092-10000 10 g
EUR 119
Description: Salicylic acid is a natural product extract from Willow bark, well known as an antiinflammatory inhibitor of cyclooxygenase activity.

Salicylic acid

B1092-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Salicylic acid is a natural product extract from Willow bark, well known as an antiinflammatory inhibitor of cyclooxygenase activity.

Salicylic acid

B1092-50000 50 g
EUR 142
Description: Salicylic acid is a natural product extract from Willow bark, well known as an antiinflammatory inhibitor of cyclooxygenase activity.

Orotic acid

B1147-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Orotic acid (OA) is an intermediate in pyrimidine metabolism.

Orotic acid

B1147-500 500 mg
EUR 108
Description: Orotic acid (OA) is an intermediate in pyrimidine metabolism.

Ellagic Acid

B1154-100
EUR 109

Ellagic Acid

B1154-500
EUR 240

Valproic acid

B1251-10000 10 g
EUR 189
Description: Valproic acid is an inhibitor of HDAC1 with IC50 value of 0.4mM [1].Valproic acid (VPA) is a branched short-chain fatty acid. It is previously synthesized and used as an inert solvent of organic compounds.

Valproic acid

B1251-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Valproic acid is an inhibitor of HDAC1 with IC50 value of 0.4mM [1].Valproic acid (VPA) is a branched short-chain fatty acid. It is previously synthesized and used as an inert solvent of organic compounds.

Valproic acid

B1251-5000 5 g
EUR 142
Description: Valproic acid is an inhibitor of HDAC1 with IC50 value of 0.4mM [1].Valproic acid (VPA) is a branched short-chain fatty acid. It is previously synthesized and used as an inert solvent of organic compounds.

Mefenamic Acid

B1449-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, which is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat pain, including menstrual pain. It is typically prescribed for oral administration. M

Mefenamic Acid

B1449-50 50 mg
EUR 128
Description: Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, which is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat pain, including menstrual pain. It is typically prescribed for oral administration. M

Mefenamic Acid

B1449-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, which is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.Mefenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat pain, including menstrual pain. It is typically prescribed for oral administration. M

Tolfenamic Acid

B1455-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Tolfenamic acid (TA) is one of the class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).Tolfenamic acid is a NSAID. Tolfenamic acid treatment inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis as measured by caspase activity and bioelectric impedance. Tolfena

Tolfenamic Acid

B1455-50 50 mg
EUR 102
Description: Tolfenamic acid (TA) is one of the class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).Tolfenamic acid is a NSAID. Tolfenamic acid treatment inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis as measured by caspase activity and bioelectric impedance. Tolfena

Tolfenamic Acid

B1455-S Evaluation Sample
EUR 81
Description: Tolfenamic acid (TA) is one of the class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).Tolfenamic acid is a NSAID. Tolfenamic acid treatment inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis as measured by caspase activity and bioelectric impedance. Tolfena

Grifolic acid

B5647-.5 500 µg
EUR 142

Grifolic acid

B5647-1 1 mg
EUR 203

Suberohydroxamic Acid

B5976-1000 1 g
EUR 241
Description: Suberohydroxamic Acid (Suberoyl bis-hydroxamic acid, SBHA) is an inhibitor of HDAC with ID50 values of 0.25 and 0.30 ?M for HDAC1 and HDAC3, respectively [1].

Suberohydroxamic Acid

B5976-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108
Description: Suberohydroxamic Acid (Suberoyl bis-hydroxamic acid, SBHA) is an inhibitor of HDAC with ID50 values of 0.25 and 0.30 ?M for HDAC1 and HDAC3, respectively [1].

Suberohydroxamic Acid

B5976-500 500 mg
EUR 166
Description: Suberohydroxamic Acid (Suberoyl bis-hydroxamic acid, SBHA) is an inhibitor of HDAC with ID50 values of 0.25 and 0.30 ?M for HDAC1 and HDAC3, respectively [1].

Fenofibric acid

B6128-100 100 mg
EUR 128

Fenofibric acid

B6128-500 500 mg
EUR 290

Oxolinic acid

B6129-10000 10 g
EUR 206
Description: IC50: 4.3 ?M for dopamine uptakeOxolinic acid is a quinolone antibiotic inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase.DNA gyrase, an enzyme within the class of topoisomerase, relieves strain while double-stranded DNA is being unwound by helicase.

Oxolinic acid

B6129-25000 25 g
EUR 398
Description: IC50: 4.3 ?M for dopamine uptakeOxolinic acid is a quinolone antibiotic inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase.DNA gyrase, an enzyme within the class of topoisomerase, relieves strain while double-stranded DNA is being unwound by helicase.

Oxolinic acid

B6129-5000 5 g
EUR 137
Description: IC50: 4.3 ?M for dopamine uptakeOxolinic acid is a quinolone antibiotic inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase.DNA gyrase, an enzyme within the class of topoisomerase, relieves strain while double-stranded DNA is being unwound by helicase.

Lauric Acid

B6155-250000 250 g
EUR 119
Description: Lauric acid, a saturated medium-chain fatty acid with a 12-carbon backbone, is naturally found in various plant and animal fats and oils, which is a major component of palm kernel oil and coconut oil.

Dihydrokainic acid

B6208-1 1 mg
EUR 187

Dihydrokainic acid

B6208-10 10 mg
EUR 334

Dihydrokainic acid

B6208-50 50 mg
EUR 1243

Homoquinolinic acid

B6223-10 10 mg
EUR 357

Homoquinolinic acid

B6223-50 50 mg
EUR 1340

Kainic acid

B6226-1 1 mg
EUR 171
Description: Kainic acid is a selective agonist of kainate receptor [1]. Kainate receptor is an ionotropic receptor that responds to glutamate.

Kainic acid

B6226-10 10 mg
EUR 308
Description: Kainic acid is a selective agonist of kainate receptor [1]. Kainate receptor is an ionotropic receptor that responds to glutamate.

Kainic acid

B6226-50 50 mg
EUR 1136
Description: Kainic acid is a selective agonist of kainate receptor [1]. Kainate receptor is an ionotropic receptor that responds to glutamate.

Kynurenic acid

B6227-5000 5 g
EUR 196

Quinolinic acid

B6228-1000 1 g
EUR 132

Quinolinic acid

B6228-5.1 10 mM (in 1mL DMSO)
EUR 108

(±)-Nipecotic acid

B6231-100 100 mg
EUR 177

Domoic acid

B6241-1 1 mg
EUR 350

Ibotenic acid

B6246-1 1 mg
EUR 115

Ibotenic acid

B6246-25 25 mg
EUR 1276

Ibotenic acid

B6246-5 5 mg
EUR 328

Spaglumic acid

B6288-10 10 mg
EUR 139

Spaglumic acid

B6288-50 50 mg
EUR 231

Folic Acid

AT062 1mg
EUR 945

Ferulic Acid

AT130 1mg
EUR 1790

Benzoic Acid

AT153 1mg
EUR 1368

Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid

AT169 1mg
EUR 1368

Tenuazonic acid

AT183 1mg
EUR 1114

Glycochenodeoxycholic acid

AT216 1mg
EUR 1114

Arsanilic acid

AT255 1mg
EUR 1368

Gibberellic acid

AT268 1mg
EUR 1368

Dihydroaeruginoic acid

D052-25MG 25 mg
EUR 670

Dihydroaeruginoic acid

D052-5MG 5 mg
EUR 213

Dipicolinic acid

D084-25MG 25 mg
EUR 238

Dipicolinic acid

D084-5MG 5 mg
EUR 89

?-Glycyrrhetinic acid

9586-1G
EUR 120

Abscisic Acid

abx188577-1g 1 g
EUR 398
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Arachidic Acid

abx188594-100g 100 g
EUR 398
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Behenic Acid

abx188604-1kg 1 kg
EUR 356
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Benzylboronic Acid

20-abx188610
  • EUR 356.00
  • EUR 732.00
  • 1 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Calconcarboxylic Acid

abx188633-1000g 1000 g
EUR 398
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Linoleic Acid

abx188751-1000g 1000 g
EUR 439
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Lithocholic Acid

abx188757-250g 250 g
EUR 801
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Nonadecanedioic Acid

abx188823-25g 25 g
EUR 1358
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Oxalacetic Acid

abx188826-250g 250 g
EUR 1664
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Phenylphosphinic Acid

abx188837-1000g 1000 g
EUR 300
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Polylactic Acid

abx188847-100g 100 g
EUR 606
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Shikimic Acid

abx188877-500g 500 g
EUR 523
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Succinamic Acid

abx188891-10g 10 g
EUR 342
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Glycerophosphoric acid

20-abx180002
  • EUR 217.00
  • EUR 787.00
  • EUR 356.00
  • 1 g
  • 25 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Cyclobutylboronic Acid

20-abx180715
  • EUR 342.00
  • EUR 690.00
  • 1 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Hendecanoic acid

20-abx180775
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 100 g
  • 25 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Heptadecanoic acid

20-abx180776
  • EUR 217.00
  • EUR 384.00
  • EUR 272.00
  • 1 g
  • 25 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Methanesulfonylacetic Acid

20-abx180797
  • EUR 244.00
  • EUR 843.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • 1 g
  • 25 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.

Octadecanedioic acid

20-abx180854
  • EUR 718.00
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 1274.00
  • EUR 481.00
  • 10 g
  • 1 g
  • 25 g
  • 5 g
  • Shipped within 1-2 weeks.